The Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) is a government agency in Mumbai, India, responsible for the implementation of slum rehabilitation projects in the city. The SRA was established in 1995 under the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance, and Redevelopment) Act, with the aim of improving the living conditions of slum dwellers and providing them with better housing and infrastructure. Here is more information on the Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) and its functioning:
Objectives: The primary objective of the SRA is to rehabilitate slum dwellers living in dilapidated, unsafe, or congested housing conditions. The agency aims to provide better housing, basic amenities, and improved infrastructure to the slum residents while promoting the overall socio-economic development of the community.
Slum Redevelopment Scheme: The SRA operates under the Slum Redevelopment Scheme (SRS), which involves the redevelopment of slum areas through a partnership between the government, private developers, and slum dwellers. Under this scheme, slum rehabilitation projects are undertaken on the basis of a “one-for-one” principle, where the developer gets additional floor space in return for providing free housing to eligible slum dwellers.
Eligibility and Identification: The SRA identifies slums that are eligible for redevelopment and rehabilitation. The eligibility criteria include criteria such as the cut-off date for slum dwelling, dwelling size, and other socio-economic factors. The agency works to verify the eligibility of slum residents and ensures that they receive the benefits of the redevelopment scheme.
Development Process: The SRA facilitates the process of slum redevelopment by coordinating with various stakeholders, including slum dwellers, private developers, and local government bodies. The agency oversees the planning, design, and implementation of slum rehabilitation projects, ensuring compliance with relevant building regulations and standards.
Funding and Subsidies: The SRA provides financial assistance and subsidies to both slum dwellers and private developers for the implementation of slum rehabilitation projects. Slum residents are provided with free housing units, and developers receive incentives and additional floor space to make the projects financially viable.
Infrastructure and Amenities: The SRA focuses on improving infrastructure and amenities within the slum rehabilitation projects. This includes the construction of well-planned housing complexes, provision of basic services such as water supply, sanitation, electricity, and the development of community facilities like schools, healthcare centers, and community centers.
Community Participation: The SRA emphasizes community participation and engagement throughout the slum rehabilitation process. Slum dwellers are involved in decision-making, planning, and monitoring of the projects. This participatory approach ensures that the needs and aspirations of the community are considered, leading to more inclusive and sustainable redevelopment.
The Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) plays a crucial role in the transformation of slum areas in Mumbai, aiming to provide better housing and living conditions for slum dwellers while promoting community development and urban revitalization.